Wild Harvest Live Stakes and Cuttings

What are Wild Harvest Live Stakes and Cuttings?

Certain tree and shrub species native to the Pacific Northwest will grow new plants from cut sections of branches planted into moist soil. We find that willows and black cottonwood generally have the highest success rates. Wild harvest live stakes and cutting materials (fascines, brush mattresses, etc.) are relatively inexpensive and simple to install-under the right conditions, they are easy and economical to plant. Cuttings root most readily if they are cut and planted in late fall through early spring, when dormant.

Where to use Wild Harvest Live Stakes and Cuttings

Live stakes and cutting materials may be used in a wide variety of habitats and applications: in wetlands, flood plains, marine bluffs, stream banks, lake shores, landslides, road slopes, and storm water detention ponds. Cuttings are a mainstay for bioengineering techniques-techniques that incorporate live plant materials in engineering practices for stabilizing soil: live crib walls, brush mattresses, soil lifts, retaining walls, fascines, rip rap, and gabions. We provide complete consulting services for designing and constructing projects using live stakes and cuttings.

Ordering Wild Harvest Live Stakes and Cuttings

We custom collect live stakes and other cuttings for each order and require at least one month of advance notice to harvest the material. Large orders may require more lead time and small orders may be done more quickly.

The minimum live stake order quantity is 50 stakes.

Wild harvest live stakes and cuttings are priced by material type, foot-length, diameter, and species, so please provide complete specifications when placing your order or bid request.

Our standard live stakes have ½ - 1½ inches diameter and are 5' long. Larger material or material that meets tighter specifications is available for a higher price.

Please see our comments on species specialties below. If you are unsure of your project needs, we would be happy to make recommendations on material specifications for your site.

Please be sure that the order confirmation you receive reflects any material specifications. For all confirmed orders, the customer agrees to pay for any and all material harvested. For all changed or cancelled orders, payment is due in full for any and all material already cut. 40% off-season surcharge is in effect on all cuttings materials from May - August. Review Terms for live stakes and cuttings before placing an order.

To order wild harvest live stakes or cuttings material email your complete request specifications (length, diameter, and species), along with ideal pickup date to info@soundnativeplants.com.

Types of Wild Harvest Live Stake and Cuttings Material

Live stakes

Sections of branches without twigs or leaves that may be pounded directly into very soft soil. Pilot holes must be made in harder soils. For installation by hand, we recommend stakes ¾-1½ inches diameter (over the entire length) and 2 to 5 feet long, depending on the application. Photo above/left.

Brush material

Sections of branches with twigs and growing tips still attached. Brush material is used for certain slope bioengineering techniques and is usually 6-12 feet long with diameter not specified.

Bundle of 50 live stakes ready for planting.
Bundle of 50 live stakes ready for planting.


Bundles of brush material or stakes tied with twine that are planted across a slope in shallow trenches. Fascines are generally 4-8 inches thick and 6-12 feet long. Our information sheet, Fascine installation, has more information on how and why to use fascines. See photos of fascine installation below.

Live stakes, brush, and fascines are highly perishable and must be stored in shaded, cool, moist conditions before planting. They should be covered in burlap and thoroughly wetted daily. We recommend storing them in this manner for no longer than two weeks. Sticks stored for longer may have lower success.

Fascine Installation Photos

Our information sheet, Fascine installation, has more information on how and why to use fascines.

To install fascines, dig a shallow trench that follows the contour at the toe of the slope.
Use stakes to anchor
the fascines at intervals of 3–4’.
Use stakes to anchor the fascines at intervals of 3–4’.

Notes on Wild Harvest Live Stake and Cuttings Plant Species

Our cuttings sites are mostly in Thurston County, but we can provide material from other regions in western Washington on request. The following species are commonly used in western Washington. Availability varies over time.

Species, Common name: Comments

Cornus sericea, Red-osier dogwood: Inconsistent results, sometimes high success rate but other times much lower success rate than willows.

Populus balsamifera, Black cottonwood: Good rooter, becomes a tall (>100') tree.

Salix sitchensis, Sitka willow: Good rooter, common on streams.

Salix lucida (lasiandra), Pacific willow: Good rooter, common in wetlands and riparian zones, somewhat brittle and thus more difficult to pound.

Salix scouleriana, Scouler willow: Drier sites and marine shores, roots slowly, often lower success rate than other willows, a shrub-tree that can grow <60' tall.

Salix hookeriana (piperi), Hooker willow: Occurs mainly within 5 miles of salt water, good rooter, long stakes can be more wiggly than other species.

Salix geyeriana, Geyer willow: Good rooter.

Salix spp., Mixed willow: Available at a discount. Good rooters bundled in either a fresh or saltwater mix. Species selection is at the harvesters' discretion.

Symphoricarpos albus, Snowberry: Low-growing shrub, tolerates dry soil and sun, good rooter, rhizomatous, excellent for erosion control.

Other species may be available upon request. Email your complete request specifications (length, diameter, and species) to info@soundnativeplants.com.

Ensuring the Success of Wild Harvest Live Stakes and Cuttings

We recommend that you follow these guidelines for using live stakes and cuttings:

  • Install your project October 15th - March 15th (the earlier the better within this time frame)
  • Choose appropriate species for your site conditions
  • Collect cuttings from healthy plants while they are dormant
  • Store the cuttings for no more than two weeks and keep moist and shaded
  • Plant cuttings so at least half their length is buried in soil (deeper may be better, as long as a few buds at the top are exposed)
  • Monitor the cuttings for watering needs during summer drought-most situations will require some irrigation for the first year or two following installation

Stand back and watch the sticks turn into trees!

Willow live stake growing in a wetland
Willow live stake growing in a wetland